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Knowledge of Switchable Privacy Glass Solution

Knowledge of Switchable Privacy Glass Solution

Description ofSmart Glass (Switchable Glass, Privacy Glass, Magic Glass)

Privacy glass is laminated with special polymer film, which allows people to control the transparency of the final laminated glass. The smart choice can be controlled by electronic, sound, sunlight etc. Generally, the smart glass (privacy glass) is translucent when the smart choice is off and transparent when the smart choice is on. The smart glass can provide privacy, light control etc. for people. Smart glass technologies include electro chromic devices, suspended particle devices, Micro-Blinds and liquid crystal devices. And here we are going to talk about the privacy glass with Polymer dispersed liquid crystal devices.

The privacy glass is well implied in high class architectures, bank, office room, super-market, showcase, auto-car, hotel windows, jewelry store, etc.

When implying privacy glass, you need consider the cost of installation, the electricity power, durability, and the kind of functional features you care most, like the speed of switching, degrees of transparency when the smart choice is on, the size of the privacy glass etc.

The characteristics of Switchable film (PDLC FILM, Magic film, Smart film, Privacy Film)

+ The translucent state of switchable film

The switchable film is composed by two transparent conductive film laminating with a polymer liquid core. And the polymer liquid core composes crystal ball and polymer. When the light pass through the PDLC FILM and reach the liquid crystal ball and polymer, the light is scattering. And the switchable film appears translucent.

+ The transparent state of switchable film

When electricity power is connected, the polymer-liquid crystal core is allowing light pass through, the switchable film appear transparent.

+ Haze of switchable film

To identify the switchable film quality, haze (the opposite is transparence ) is the key parameter to describe the switchable film. When the power is on, the switchable film should be as transparent as possible , when the power is off, the switchable film should be more haze.

+ View range of the switchable film

If the scattering is more, the view range is wide, the switchable film appears more haze.

Two Kinds of Switchable Privacy Film

+ Non-Adhesive Privacy Film ——have to be processed in laminating way, but very good in safety.

+Self-Adhesive Privacy Film——Very convenient and flexible in installation of the already built windows.

The implication of Smart Glass(Switchable Glass, Privacy Glass, Magic Glass )

+ Imply Smart glass in door, windows or the glass insulation. For example, in the windows of the business office, when the smart glass is on, the state of the switchable glass is transparent, you will feel the room space is big, and feel comfortable. When you are in the business meeting, you need some privacy, you can just turn off the switchable privacy glass, the privacy glass turns to be translucent, you have the privacy.

+ Using the smart glass for projecting screen. In the state of translucent, the privacy glass can strengthen the view effect of the projection. The viewable range can be 140 degrees.

+ Imply the smart glass in bank industry, jewelry industry and showcase. When it’s off work, you can turn off the privacy glass, the sate of smart glass turns into translucent. Which can protect the high-value properties from the criminals. Also the smart glass is laminated with advanced EVA INTERLAYER FILM, when the glass is broken,the EVA INTERLAYER FILM will stick the broken glass pieces, avoiding the broken glass hurting people or properties.

+Imply the smart glass in hospital. The smart glass can be used to replace curtains, which is safe and solid and can be view insulation.

+ Imply the smart glass in high-end hotel, cooperation building, bathroom. Which shows the humane optional and high classic artistic sense.

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Analyse Bubbles of Laminated Glass with EVA Film Interlayer

Analyse Bubbles of Laminated Glass with EVA Film Interlayer

What People May Think, When They Face Bubbles

When some customers processing laminated glass with EVA FILM, bubbles appear inside the laminated glass, People would always think is this way:

1.The EVA Film I ordered last time, didn’t have bubbles problem, why this time the bubbles is coming out, that’s definitely the reason of the quality of EVA Film.

2. Some customers face this situation. Maybe they don’t use EVA Film very much, so they don’t finish the one roll of EVA FILM in a short period. They used two thirds of the roll of EVA film, and after several weeks, they go back to use the left part of the roll. But this time the bubbles coming out, they are very confused. How come the same roll has different quality?

3. Some customer may just change the new EVA FILM supplier and the bubbles comes out. Even their new supplyer tell them it’s all about the processing , they would not believe him, they would think it’s of course the problem of the quality of your EVA film, because my older supplier don’t have this bubbles problem.

General Reasons for Bubbles

Many Laminated glass producer have misconception of the reasons of the bubbles problems. Here is the real why:

1. First situation: the temperature is too high, maybe more than 180 degree, which will cause the compound to break down and create gas. In this way, it’s just reducing your temperature, and everything would just be fine.

2. Second situation: the temperature in the oven is not average, which means some part of the glass, is hotter than others. So some part of the EVA film will melt and finish the crosslink reaction while other parts of EVA Film is still not melted, which will interrupt the vacuuming and cause the bubbles. For this situation, we suggest you modified the lamination machine.

3. Third situation: the Vacuum machine is old or the vacuum ability is not good enough. If the vacuum machine is old, renew it. If the vacuum ability is not powerful enough, try to buy a new one.

4. Four situation: the air moisture is high. The moisture in the air in your region is changed, which will easily cause the EVA film wet when it exposes in the air. Moisture in the EVA FILM would cause the bubbles. Although the EVA FILM is less sensitive to moisture compared with PVB FILM. But if the moisture is too high, the bubbles will also come out.

Some customer open the packaged of one roll, and don’t use it up at one time. And the left part of the EVA film will absorb the moisture in the air and cause the bubbles.

5. Five Situation: Different EVA FILM supplier has different formula for EVA FILM, so if you change the EVA FILM supplier, you need to adjusting the processing parameters according to the supplier’s EVA FILM property.

Micro Reasons for Bubbles:

I wrote an article Bubbles Solution for Laminated Class with EVA Film, talked about the situations that bubbles come out the laminated glass. It is macro views. Today I like to talk about the other reasons in micro views that cause the bubbles in laminating glass with EVA Film.

1. The plainness of the tempered glass is bad.

+As you known, tempered glass is less plain than the flat glass. So you should choose a company that produce better tempered glass.

+ Since the tempered glass’s plainness is worse than flat glass, you should use thicker EVA FILM interlayer for the tempered glass. Generally speaking, the tempered glass should be laminated with at least 0.8 mm thickness EVA Film Interlayer.

+ Laminate Less layers “pre- laminated glass” in a silicon bag at one time. If you laminate too many layers “pre-laminated glass” in a silicon bag at one time, the vacuuming would not work perfect and cause the bubbles.

+If you laminated small pieces “pre-laminated glasses” at the same time, put the “pre –laminated glasses” on the fabric, which will help vacuum, and the fabric should cover the vacuum hole to make sure the vacuum hole is not sealed by the silicone bag itself.

2. Check if the silicon bag is leaking.

1) Averagely speaking, a silicon bag can be used for several years. But check the silicon bag if your laminated glasses have bubbles.

2) Check the concavo convex of the edge of the silicon bag is sealed perfectly when processing laminated glass with EVA Film.

3. It’s too early to put the laminating glass out of the oven,

The temperature of laminated glass is still very high and the EVA FILM is still melting and reacting. When the laminated glass is getting cold, the melted EVA FILM is contracting, and the EVA Film can’t fully fill the gap between two glasses, so bubbles come out.

4.It’s too early to stop the vacuuming.

And the cross link reaction of the EVA film is not totally finished and stable. And also the silicon bag would suck same air back in to the bag, which cause the bubbles. So generally speaking, don’t stop vacuuming until the temperature of the laminated glass is lower than 45 degrees.

Notes:Always remember you put the wire net on the vacuuming hole to make sure the vacuuming is not stop by the laminated glass on the hole. To be more perfect, also can use wire net over the laminated glass.

Case Study: Bubbles of Laminated Glass with EVA Film Interlayer

We have seen a situation in this way: Bubbles comes out in the Laminated Glass. And we checks all the details of vacuuming and vacuuming is definitely no problem.

But the bubbles still comes out in the laminated glass. And the bubbles are regular and on lines.

Finally we realized that the bubble lines are right upon the heating pipes.

So we reduced the temperatures and did the test. Then no bubbles comes out, but some part of laminated glass is not very transparent.

So we know the reason:

Because the heating pipes are under silicon bag, when laminating glass, the part of laminated glass right upon the heating pipes are in higher temperature. And the temperature inside the oven is not in average.

Remember that when the temperature is too high, the copolymer will be breaking up and produce gas which would cause bubbles inside laminated glass.

So It’s better of you can talk to the EVA Glass Lamination Oven producer to modify the oven.

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De-lamination and Expose Solution of Processing Laminated Glass With EVA Film

De-lamination and Expose Solution of Processing Laminated Glass With EVA Film

General View:

I have talked about the Bubbles Solution for Laminated Class with EVA Film , and today I would like to talk about the other problems you may face in laminating glass with EVA FILM.

The common problems are: de-lamination and self-exposing of the laminated glass.


1) The heating temperature is not high enough or the heatig time is not long enough for the EVA FILM to melt and react totally, so the cross link reaction is not finished.

For this reason, please increase the heating temperature or prolong heating time of laminating.

2) The EVA FILM is out of the shelf life, most EVA FILM’s self life is about one year or longer. Please use the EVA FILM within the self life. Yes, different EVA FILM manufacturers may have different self life for the EVA Film.

3)Maybe it’s the problem of the quality of the EVA FILM. Send some film samples back to the EVA FILM manufacturer to test the EVA FILM again.

4)The moisture of the glass or EVA FILM is too much. EVA FILM are less sensitive to moisture, but if it’s too high, it will do harm to the adhesion of EVA FILM. Please dry glasses and storage EVA FILM in good way.

5)There is some organic substance on the surface of glasses. For example oily substance will also do harm to the adhesion of EVA FILM.

Please clean the glasses if necessary. You can use clean water, industrial alcohol, Acetone to clean the glasses.

6) When laminated with the painting papers (like PP, PVC), the printing ink is too much and not being dried.

Please dry the printing papers first before laminating with glasses and EVA FILM.

7) If you found the de-lamination is happening in the edges of the laminated glass, here is why:

Maybe the workers’ hand touch the edges of the glasses, and there are oily substance in the hand, which will do harm to the adhesion of the EVA FILM.

Please ask your worker to wear gloves.

Maybe its summer, and your worker work very hard, and their hands are sweaty. And the sweat will do harm to the EVA FILM.


1) The laminated glass is cooling too fast. Please do not open the oven door to help cooling after the temperature of the laminated glass is lower than 75 degrees.

2) Please avoid the hot laminated glass touching the cold water.

3) Put some wood blocks between the laminated glasses to make the cooling is well-proportioned.

4) The quality of the glass is not good, which are easy to expose.

5) The EVA FILMs are not eliminated the internal stress. Good quality EVA Film will be eliminated the internal stress to make the EVA film less contracting.

If the EVA Film are not eliminated the internal stress, then when laminating the glass with EVA Film, the EVA Film’s internal stress would try to contract to its original state and expose the laminated glass.

6.) The silicon bag is not clean, which means maybe some block inside the silicon bag. So when the pre- laminated glass on the block and vacuuming is working, the pressure would break the laminated glass.

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